Ovarian cysts are often associated with ovarian cancer. With proper treatment like the ovarian cyst miracle, ovarian cysts can be treated and prevented from getting worse. Ovarian cysts are quite common in women. These cysts are usually harmless and will go away on their own without special treatment. The thing that makes ovarian cysts dangerous is when they burst, are very large, or block the blood supply to the ovaries.
In addition, ovarian cysts that are not detected and treated early also have the potential to develop into malignant or cancerous. Ovarian cysts can be detected through an examination by a doctor. To detect and diagnose ovarian cysts, the doctor may perform a physical examination and supporting examinations in the form of:
1. Ultrasound examination is one of the main steps in diagnosing ovarian cysts. With ultrasound, the doctor can see the size, shape, location, and see if the cyst contains solid tissue or fluid. This examination is also done to monitor the development of ovarian cysts and guide the doctor when they want to perform a biopsy on the ovaries.
2. A biopsy is a procedure to take a sample of ovarian tissue for later examination in a laboratory to determine whether the cyst is benign or has the potential to become malignant.
3. The doctor will also do blood tests if the results of an ultrasound or biopsy show that the cyst has the potential to be malignant or has characteristics of ovarian cancer. One of the examination methods that can be done through this test is the CA-125 protein examination. These substances are usually elevated or detectable in women who have certain diseases, such as ovarian cancer, pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, or uterine fibroids.
4. Through a small incision, the doctor will insert a laparoscope, which is a tube with a light and camera attached at the end. With laparoscopy, doctors can see directly the pelvic cavity and reproductive organs to detect abnormalities.
Generally, ovarian cysts will be treated medically if they are large, cause pain, cause frequent urination, or interfere with menstruation. However, not all ovarian cysts require medical treatment. Functional cyst types related to the menstrual cycle are generally harmless. These cysts can go away on their own in 2-3 menstrual cycles.